March is Women’s History Month
By Michelle Lightner Amato, regional sales manager at EMSI
In 1978, less than three percent of teacher training books in schools mentioned the contributions of women and their role in history was rarely talked about. That all started changing in 1987 when Congress declared March as Women’s History Month in response to a petition by the National Women’s History Project (www.nwhp.org
). Now, every March, schools, businesses and organizations around the country celebrate with events focusing on women’s history and contributions.
A look back at milestones in women’s history
The theme for 2010’s Women’s History Month is “Writing Women Back Into History.” Below is a look back at some well-known and lesserknown women and events that have truly made history!
» 1473 to 1458 BCE – Reign of Hatshepsut, Pharaoh of Egypt, the female ruler of ancient Egypt (she was formally crowned “King” seven years into her approximately 22 year reign).
» 494 BC – Female warrior and poet Telesilla of Argos
arms the Argive (Greek) women against the approaching Spartans, who had just defeated the Argive army. Legend has it that the Spartans retreated when they saw the women soldiers.
» 1820 or 1821 – Harriet Tubman is born into slavery in Maryland. She later became one of the most successful “conductors” of the Underground Railroad, freeing at least 300 slaves on its path. She also served as a nurse, cook, laundress, scout, and spy during the Revolutionary War.
» 1872 -Victoria Woodhull becomes first woman to run for President in the U.S.
» 1920 – 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution – Women’s Right To Vote - ratified.
» Aviator and author Amelia Earhart (the first woman to receive the Distinguished Flying Cross
), becomes first woman to complete a Transatlantic flight.
» 1933 – Future First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt publishes article “Women and the Vote” (among many other writings), asserting that women need more voice in public life to achieve real political equality with men.
» 1964 - Margaret Chase Smith, Senator from Maine, became the first woman to run for a major party's nomination for U.S. President.
» 1985-1995 – Wilma Mankiller serves as the first female Chief of the Cherokee Nation.
» 1993 – Toni Morrison becomes the first African American Woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.